Variables are nothing but reserved memory locations to store values. This means that when you create a variable you reserve some space in memory.
Based on the data type of a variable, the operating system allocates memory and decides what can be stored in the reserved memory. Therefore, by assigning different data types to variables, you can store integers, decimals, or characters in these variables.
In java programing language all variables must first be declared before they can be used.This structure involves starting the variable’s type and name.
Doing so tells your program that a field named “nm” using to hold numerical data .Where “int” is the variable data type and “nm” is the variable name.where we initializing the integer nm value as 1.
- Byte data type is a 8-bit signed two's complement integer.
- Minimum value is -128 (-2^7)
- Maximum value is 127 (inclusive)(2^7 -1)
- Default value is 0
- Byte data type is used to save space in large arrays, mainly in place of integers, since a byte is four times smaller than an int.
- Example : byte a = 100 , byte b = -50
- Short data type is a 16-bit signed two's complement integer.
- Minimum value is -32,768 (-2^15)
- Maximum value is 32,767(inclusive) (2^15 -1)
- Short data type can also be used to save memory as byte data type. A short is 2 times smaller than an int
- Default value is 0.
- Example : short s= 10000 , short r = -20000
- Int data type is a 32-bit signed two's complement integer.
- Minimum value is - 2,147,483,648.(-2^31)
- Maximum value is 2,147,483,647(inclusive).(2^31 -1)
- Int is generally used as the default data type for integral values unless there is a concern about memory.
- The default value is 0.
- Example : int a = 100000, int b = -200000
- Long data type is a 64-bit signed two's complement integer.
- Minimum value is -9,223,372,036,854,775,808.(-2^63)
- Maximum value is 9,223,372,036,854,775,807 (inclusive). (2^63 -1)
- This type is used when a wider range than int is needed.
- Default value is 0L.
- Example : int a = 100000L, int b = -200000L
- Float data type is a single-precision 32-bit IEEE 754 floating point.
- Float is mainly used to save memory in large arrays of floating point numbers.
- Default value is 0.0f.
- Float data type is never used for precise values such as currency.
- Example : float f1 = 234.5f
- double data type is a double-precision 64-bit IEEE 754 floating point.
- This data type is generally used as the default data type for decimal values. generally the default choice.
- Double data type should never be used for precise values such as currency.
- Default value is 0.0d.
- Example : double d1 = 123.4
- boolean data type represents one bit of information.
- There are only two possible values : true and false.
- This data type is used for simple flags that track true/false conditions.
- Default value is false.
- Example : boolean one = true
- char data type is a single 16-bit Unicode character.
- Minimum value is '\u0000' (or 0).
- Maximum value is '\uffff' (or 65,535 inclusive).
- Char data type is used to store any character.
- Example . char letterA ='A'